Smoke And Fire Alarms
The importance of Smoke Alarms
Do you have a smoke alarm in your home? Do you get it checked regularly? Underneath I have listed statistics put together from 2013-2014 about house fires, fatalities and smoke alarms.
- Fire and Rescue Services in Great Britain attended 212,500 fires in 2013-14, continuing the generally downward trend of the last 10 years. There was a 10% increase on 2012-13, but this previous year had been unusually low due to wet weather conditions.
- Over two thirds of fire-related deaths occurred in accidental dwelling fires and more than half of the victims were aged 65 years or older.
- Dwellings with no smoke alarm accounted for 38% of deaths in home fires in Great Britain, and nearly one fifth of deaths occurred where no smoke alarm worked.
- 41% of fire-related deaths in Great Britain were caused by the victim being overcome by gas, smoke or toxic fumes. The other leading causes are burns alone (20%) and combination of burns and being overcome by gas or fumes (20%)
- Of the 258 deaths in dwellings in 2013-14, 219 (85%) were of accidental causes. The main cause was careless handling of fire or hot substances (e.g. careless disposal of cigarettes), which accounted for 39% of all fatalities due to accidental causes. 43% of accidental dwelling fire deaths (94) resulted from fires which started in the living room or dining room or lounge.
- No smoke alarm was present in 12,000 (31%) dwelling fires in 2013-14 in Great Britain. A smoke alarm was present but did not operate in 19% of dwelling fires.
- Working smoke alarm ownership increased rapidly from 8% in 1988 to 70% in 1994 in England, and has continued to rise in recent years to 88% in 2011.
- Nearly 40% of dwelling fire deaths in Great Britain occurred in properties where no alarm was installed.
- Nearly 40% (97) of home fire deaths resulted from fires where there was no smoke alarm at all. These fires accounted for 1,900 non-fatal casualties.
- In 2013-14, a smoke alarm raised the alarm in 39% of reported dwelling fires.
Dwelling fires in which smoke alarms raise the alarm continue to:
- Be discovered more rapidly (less than 5 minutes) after ignition;
- Be associated with lower fatal casualty rates.
Smoke Alarm Summary
Generally, the shorter the interval between ignition and discovery of a fire, the lower the death rate. Working smoke alarms tend to shorten the discovery time. In 2013-14, nearly three-fifths (59%) of dwelling fires where a smoke alarm operated and raised the alarm were discovered in under 5 minutes. In contrast, where a smoke alarm was either absent or did not raise the alarm, just over half (52%) of all dwelling fires were discovered in under 5 minutes. Consequently, a wide variation in dwelling fire fatality rates have been observed between the two situations:
where at least one smoke alarm raised the alarm and where smoke alarms are either absent or did not raise the alarm (4 per 1,000 detected fires compared to 8 per 1,000 for undetected fires in 2013- 14).
If you don’t have a fire alarm, or haven’t had it checked in a long time, then please don’t delay in rectifying this situation. Your life could depend on it! In many areas Your local fire station will supply or check your fire alarm free of charge, so there really is no reason to not do!.
For more information take a look at the Fire safety pdf
Please follow the link to read more about ABM Security Smoke and Fire Alarm service